How to Patent Your Invention

In the last two centuries, brand-new cultural explorations have almost revised history. It’s been an interesting time, loaded with adventure as well as surprises. Around every edge there are brand-new responses to questions we had already visualized addressed. And of these developments, none shines as vibrantly as the impact of old Chinese innovations on contemporary life. As we explore 10 of the best innovations as well as technologies of Old China, you may be surprised at their impact on recent innovation.

1. Paper. Paper, as we understand it, was designed in China around the year 105. After seeing earlier efforts made from silk, bamboo sticks and also pet skins, Cai Lun thought of his very own suggestion. After mixing mulberry bark, rags, wheat stalks and also other things, a pulp developed. This pulp was pushed into sheets and also dried, coming to be an unrefined kind of paper. Paper was such an essential creation that the procedure of making it was a jealously safeguarded key. The trick was risk-free until the seventh century when the art spread to India.

2. The Printing Press. Prior To Johann Gutenberg “developed” the printing press in the 1440’s, China produced a kind of printing press in between 206 B.C. and A.D. 45. It was made using rock tablet computers to produce a “rubbing” of famous Buddhist and Confucian messages. Next came block printing in the Sui Empire. In block printing, images as well as words were etched on wooden boards, smeared with ink and pushed onto sheets of paper. Later on, portable type printing presses were introduced. According to the writers of Old Inventions, “By A.D. 1000, paged publications in the contemporary design had actually replaced scrolls – a great 450 years ahead of Gutenberg.”

3. The First Book. Because of the very early arrival of the printing press, China also asserts the initial book. In 868, practically six a century before the Gutenberg Holy bible, the earliest recognized publication was printed. By the end of the Tang empire, China had bookstores in practically every city.

4. Fiat money. While today you prefer to bring a lot of cash money instead of coin, that hasn’t always held true. The suggestion of paper money was first attempted under Emperor Han Wu-Ti (140-87 B.C.) after war had actually drained pipes the treasury. He provided treasury notes, worth and in exchange for 400,000 copper coins. Rather than paper, the Emperor utilized the skin of the white stag. But the animal was so unusual that the concept soon shed charm. In the very early 800’s, the idea revitalized to deter highway burglars. In 812, the federal government was once more printing money. By the year 1023, money had an expiry day as well as was currently pestered by inflation as well as counterfeiting. Nearly six a century later on paper money headed west, initial published in Sweden in 1601.

5. The Abacus. Well prior to Texas Instruments, the initial calculator remained in the jobs. The abacus dates from around the year 200 B.C. It is a really innovative tool with a basic design. Timber is crafted right into a rectangle-shaped structure with rods ranging from base to top. About 2/3’s from the base, a divider goes across the frame, known as the counting bar. On each of the poles are beads. Every one of the beads over the counting bar equal 5. Those listed below equivalent one. The rows of poles are read from right to left. The outermost bar to the best holds the one’s area, the next holds the 10’s area, after that the hundred’s, and more. While its layout might seem complicated, there are some Chinese today so knowledgeable that they can solve hard math issues much faster than someone making use of a calculator!

6. The Decimal System. In the West, the decimal system appeared fairly just recently. Its first believed instance was in a Spanish manuscript dated around 976. However, the first true example returns much additionally. In China, an engraving dated from the 13th century B.C., “547 days” was written as “5 hundred plus four years plus 7 of days.” The Chinese most likely produced the decimal system since their language depended upon personalities (like images) instead of an alphabet. Each number had its very own one-of-a-kind character. Without the decimal system, the Chinese would have had an awful time memorizing every one of these new personalities. By using units of ones, tens, hundreds, etc, the Chinese saved time and difficulty.

7. The Mechanical Clock. In the year 732, a Buddhist monk as well as mathematician developed the initial mechanical clock. He named it “Water-Driven Spherical Bird’s- Eye-View Map of the Paradises.” Like earlier clocks, water provided it power, however machinery cased the motion. However, after a couple of years, corrosion and freezing temperature levels took their toll. It had not been until 1090, when astronomer Su Sung developed his mechanical marvel “Cosmic Engine”, that a more dependable wrist watch was made. Produced for Emperor Ying Zong, this clock had a tower over 30 feet tall. It housed machinery that, among other things, triggered wood puppets to pop from among five doors at routine intervals throughout the day. (Just like the contemporary concept of a Cuckoo clock.) The entire maker was powered by a giant waterwheel. This clock ran until 1126, when it was taken apart by the conquering Tartars as well as relocated to Peking for one more several years. The initial clock referral in Western background was in 1335, in the church of St. Gothard in Milan.

8. The Planetarium. A planetarium is a huge enclosed room that shows the stars and constellations on the within. Orbitoscope was the name new invention ideas of the very first estimate planetarium. It was built in Basil in 1912 by Teacher E. Hinderman. Yet, once more, China is the mom of this creation. The first planetarium is credited to the design of an early emperor. As one resource states, an astronomer named Jamaluddin created a planetarium throughout the Yuan Empire (1271-1368), together with a perpetual calendar as well as other vital huge devices.

9. The Earthquake Sensor. The earliest earthquake sensor was also an intriguing piece of art. It was a bronze cyndrical tube concerning 8 feet around, with 8 dragons set down above 8 open-mouthed frogs. In the mouth of each dragon relaxed a bronze ball. When a quake struck, a pendulum inside the cyndrical tube would swing. It knocked the ball from the mouth of the dragon as well as down right into the frog’s mouth. That frog’s back was then encountering the direction of the facility of the quake. Chang Heng created it in A.D. 132 (throughout the Han Empire), nearly 600 years before the first western sensing unit was made in France. Later, in 1939, Imamura Akitsune recreated the development as well as in fact showed it effective.

10. The Helicopter Rotor & Propeller. While the Ancient Chinese didn’t in fact create the helicopter, they were involved in its development. In the fourth century A.D., they developed a plaything called the “Bamboo Dragonfly”. You’ve most likely seen them as prizes at neighborhood fairs or circus. It was a toy top, with a base like a pencil as well as a small helicopter-like blade at the end. The top was covered with a cord. When you pulled the cable, the blade would certainly spin about as well as soar right into the air. This toy was studied by Sir George Cayley in 1809 and also contributed in the birth of modern-day aviation. It wasn’t up until the very early 1900’s that the very first helicopter flew.

It is in some cases a mind blowing thing to understand that what seemed to be modern-day concepts or innovations are much older than we ‘d envisioned. And also it’s most likely that there are extra inventions to be found. More historic adjustments to be made. In the final thought of The best Creations of the Past 2,000 Years, Jared Diamond summed it up well while referring to the transforming sight of history and also its inventors, “So, neglect those tales about brilliant creators who regarded a need of society, solved it solitarily, and thereby transformed the world. There has never ever been such a genius … … If Gutenberg hadn’t designed the much better alloys as well as inks utilized in very early printing, a few other modern tinkerer with metals as well as oils would have done so… do offer Gutenberg a few of the credit report– yet not excessive.”


1. Choose among the innovations stated. Clarify how different the globe would be if it had not been created.

2. Why do you assume there was such a large room of time between the Eastern as well as Western days of invention?