The Muslims of Makkah had an utmost preference to perform Hajj and Umrah. However, the situations did no longer assist their scenario and they must left Makkah and migrate towards Madina due to the tough conditions created with the aid of the non- believers and their clans. Makkah was surrounded by means of the Arabs who were indulged within the worshipping of idols and have been not geared up to accept the reality and brightness of Islam. Therefore, Prophet Muhammad SAWW and Muslims flee in 622 from Makkah and made Madina as their 2nd home. The human beings of Madina (Ansaar) welcomed their Makkan brothers and sisters all by way of their hearts and shared all of what they have got.
Prophet Muhammad SAWW already knew the strong desire of Muslims to visit Makkah and carry out Umrah. Of course they had been additionally desperate to peer their hometown. In 628, Prophet Muhammad SAWW eventually made the decision to step out shape Madina and perform Umrah. He SAWW had approximately 1400 human beings along with him. When Makkans heard approximately the march of Prophet Muhammad SAWW in conjunction with that wide variety of Muslims, they were worried that the Muslims may have the goal to assault Makkah and non- believers. So, once they reached outskirts of Makkah, the Prophet Muhammad SAWW sent an emissary to the Makkans to clean the things out. He SAWW did now not want to have confusions in minds of the non- believers concerning the journey of Muslims. He SAWW wanted to do this to be able to erase any misconception because Muslims sought to attain Makkah for a very Holy purpose and desired to have a peace agreement for the betterment of both events.
The non- believers after receiving the emissary have been considerate and that they finally decided to no longer permit Muslims to enter in the town. Muslims had been now not allowed to carry out minor pilgrimage (Umrah) that yr but had been asked to come to subsequent 12 months for the purpose. A treaty; an agreement was signed between Muslims and non- believers in regards to visit Makkah for minor Hajj. The settlement between the 2 events is referred as “Treaty of Hudaybiah” within the history.
This treaty had numerous points regarding a peaceful residing for both Muslims and non- believers. The treaty changed into signed for 10 years as a peace retaining agreement among the 2 clans. Muslims were now not allowed to go into internal Makkah for the performance of Hajj and should go again that 12 months but it was advised that the Muslims will come next 12 months for the motive, non- believers will clean the course so that the Muslims should carry out Hajj and Umrah piecefully. The treaty became hooked up with a view to keep away from any bloodshed shape both aspects but it changed into dissolved after two years when one of the tribes allied with the Makkans and attacked a tribe allied with the Muslims and killed a number of its participants. As the primary reason and factor of the treaty become to save you bloodshed, so there has been no purpose to pursue the agreement after the killings.
At that point, the Muslims had come to be a formidable force and so in 630 Prophet Muhammad decided to attack Makkah along with the pointers of companions and of path by the will of Allah Almighty. He SAWW took an navy of ten thousand towards Makkah and organized the Expedition of Abu Qatadah ibn Rabi al Ansari in the month of December to shrink back the concentration from his goal of belligerent Makkah. He SAWW led the troop of Muslims and dispatched 8 of his guys to outbreak a competition passing at some point of Edam. During this voyage one of the Muslim was killed by accident by any other Muslim. The sacred ayah of the Holy Quran four: ninety four was discovered in accordance to that incident emphasizing at the reality that the Muslims need to be extra cautious when fighting in the way of Allah in order that the threat of unintended killing may be decreased to the least.
On arrival of Muslims at Makkah, the leaders of Quraysh got an idea that they were not capable of fight towards Muslims so the leaders of the non- believer clans surrendered. They had been terrified approximately the approaching conquest of theirs. However, Prophet Muhammad SAWW become a biaya haji plus 2022 merciful individual and according to his personality he claimed forgiveness for all the ones who had now not wished to combat towards Muslims. After coming into and succeeding Makkah, he SAWW said;
“This day no accusation will be on you. Allah Almighty will pardon you; He SWT is the Most Merciful of the Merciful. You can leave.”
Prophet Muhammad SAWW forgave even the most ardent foes of Islam and Muslims with a view to establish a secure and non violent sanctuary to live. Many of the folks who have been afraid approximately their end by way of punishment have been astonish with the aid of the declaration of the Last Messenger SAWW. Some of them were so impressed and over whelmed via the broadness of the faith that they have become Muslims. If we take a look then only a factor made a conquest full of terror, horror and bloodshed into a merciful, non violent and a cold victory and that was the mercifulness of Prophet Muhammad SAWW. By his this gesture, the years of war have been ended and a calmness became made up between Muslims and non- believers.
This victory of Muslims is called “Succession of Makkah” or even for nowadays is an exemplary case to wind up a warfare with none bloodshed. Prophet Muhammad SAWW could have taken revenge according to the Arab subculture and also taking revenge in identical depth is permitted by way of the religion however he SAWW decided to forgave the responsible. This war turned into a exact incident inside the history of Islam because because of it Islam become mounted in Arabian Peninsula and it was the beginning of spreading the light of Islam. It become after the victory of Makkah hat Islam turn out to be a primary world faith.